To demonstrate the magnetic force on an electric current (in a fluid) using a simple electromagnetic pump.
- Electromagnetic pump
- D.C. supply from lecture bench
- T.V. camera and monitor
- Desk lamp
- Adjustable permanent magnet
- Hook up wire
a) Principle of Physics illustrated.
An electric current experiences a force at right angles to both the current direction and the magnetic field.
F = force per unit volume
= J × B J = current density
The mercury kept in the chemical cupboard is funnelled into the electromagnetic pump to the top of the smaller channel.
Approximately 3-5V D.C. is applied to the binding posts from the D.C. supply fitted to the lecture bench, (The switch in the basement for the D.C. supply must be turned to the correct position for operation).
It is advisable not to allow operation of the pump for longer than 30 seconds as it is drawing quite a large current.